When it comes to learning, toddlers are like sponges. They soak up information and knowledge at an absolutely astounding rate. One minute, they are babbling and barely able to pronounce a few words. Then, one day, you turn around and they are speaking in full sentences. This same type of phenomenon exists when it comes to learning numbers, animals, colours and all sorts of other things.
So, just why is it that toddlers are so good at learning? There are a few reasons, and I’ve outlined them below.
One of the major reasons that toddlers are so good at learning is that their brains aren’t fully formed yet. In particular, toddlers’ prefrontal cortex is not developed the same way that it is in adults. Now, the prefrontal cortex is where memory is stored, which is very useful for adults. In fact, it allows adults to remember and recognize all sorts of objects, concepts and other useful information. But, it also means that adult brains are less flexible and inventive relative to toddler brains, and this can inhibit learning.
Repeat, repeat, repeat.
Another reason that toddlers learn things at a rapid clip is that they love repetition. If you take your toddler to the playground, they might ask you to push them on the swings for three hours without getting bored. Or, they might want to go down the slide so many times that you lose count.